About Armenia


Southwestern Asia, east of Turkey, Northwestern of Iran
29,800 km2 (28,400 km2 land; 1,400 km2 water)
1,254 km: Azerbaijan 787 km; Georgia 164 km; Iran 35 km; Turkey 268 km
0 km (landlocked)
Highland continental; hot summers, cold winters
Armenian Highland with mountains; little forest land; fast flowing rivers; good soil in Aras River valley
Elevation extremes
Lowest point:Debed River 400 m; highest point: Mount Aragatz 4,090 m
Natural resources
Small deposits of gold, copper, molybdenum, zinc, alumina
2,976,372 (July 2006 est.)
Age structure
Total: 30.4 years male: 27.8 years female: 33.2 years (2006 est.)
Pop. Growth rate
-0.19% (2006 est.)
Birth rate
12.07 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Death rate
8.23 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Net migration rate
-5.72 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Sex ratio
At birth: 1.17 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.12 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 0.88 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female total population: 0.9 male(s)/female (2006 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Total: 22.47 deaths/1,000 live births male: 27.59 deaths/1,000 live births female: 16.51 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 71.84 years male: 68.25 years female: 76.02 years (2006 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.33 children born/woman (2006 est.)
Ethnic groups
Armenian 97.9%, Yezidi (Kurd) 1.3%, Russian 0.5%, other 0.3% (2001 census)
Armenian Apostolic 94.7%, other Christian 4%, Yezidi (monotheist with elements of nature worship) 1.3%
Armenian 97.7%, Yezidi 1%, Russian 0.9%, other 0.4% (2001 census)
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 98.6% male: 99.4% female: 98% (2003 est.)
Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Armenia; conventional short form: Armenia; local long form: Hayastani Hanrapetoutyoun; local short form: Hayastan
Government type
Administrative divisions
11 provinces (marzer, singular - marz); Aragatzotn, Ararat, Armavir, Gegharkounik, Kotayk, Lori, Shirak, Syounik, Tavoush, Vayots Dzor, Yerevan
September 21, 1991
Adopted by nationwide referendum 5 July 1995; amendments adopted through a nationwide referendum 27 November 2005
Legal system
Civil law system
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch
Chief of state: President; head of government: Prime Minister
Election period
5 years (next in 2008)
Legaslative branch
National Assembly (Parlaiment), "Azgayin Zhoghov"
Judicial branch
Constitutional Court; Court of Cassation (Appeals Court)

GDP (purchasing power parity)
$15.99 billion (2006 est.)

GDP (official exchange rate)
$6.6 billion (2006 est.)

GDP - real growth rate
10.5% (2006 est.)

GDP - per capita
$5,400 (2006 est.)

Labor force
1.2 million (2005)

7.6% (2004 est.)

People below poverty line
43% (2003 est.)

$1.056 million (2006 est.)
$1.684 billion (2006 est.)
Foreign debt
$1,936 billion (2006)
Communication and Transportation
Phone lines
582,500 (2004)
Mobile operators

Internet country code

13 (2006)
Minitary branches
Army, Air Force, Air Defense Force
Military manpower
Males age 18-49: 722,836 (2006 est.)
Military expenditures
6.5% of GDP

The Flag

The law "On the State Flag of the Republic of Armenia" was adopted on August 24, 1990. Following the constitutional reform of November 27, 2005, a new law on the National Flag of the Republic of Armenia was adopted on June 15, 2006.The State Flag is a rectangular panel with three equal horizontal stripes of red, blue and orange (from top to bottom).The flag is identical in size and colours to the state flag of the First Armenian Republic (1918-1920). The colour red symbolizes the blood shed by the Armenian people in its struggle for the independence, the colour blue symbolizes the clear sky of Armenia and the colour orange symbolizes the creative drive of the nation.

The Coat of Arms

The law "On the State Coat of Arms of the Republic of Armenia" was adopted on April 19, 1992.
It is a rendition of the Coat of Arms of the First Armenian Republic (1918-1920) designed by architect Alexander Tamanian and artist Hakob Kojoyan. The coat of arms of the Republic of Armenia depicts, in the center on a shield, Mount Ararat with Noah's ark and the coats of arms of the four kingdoms of historical Armenia. The shield is supported by a lion and an eagle, and a sword, a branch, a sheaf, a chain and a ribbon are portrayed under the shield.

"Mer Hayrenik" ("Our Fatherland") | play

The Anthem of the Republic of Armenia was adopted on July 1, 1991, by the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Armenia. It is based on the Anthem of the First Armenian Republic (1918-1920). The author of the lyrics is poet Mikael Nalbandian (1829-1866) and the melody is by Barsegh Kanachyan (1885-1967).

The English translated version of the Anthem

Our fatherland, free and independent,
That lived from century to century
His children are calling
Free independent Armenia.

(repeat previous two lines)

Here brother, for you a flag,
That I made with my hands
Nights I didn't sleep,
With tears I washed it.

(repeat previous two lines)

Look at it, 3 colours
It's our gifted symbol.
Let it shine against the enemy.
Let Armenia always be glorious.

(repeat previous two lines)
Everywhere death is the same
Everyone dies only once
But lucky is the one that dies
For the freedom of his nation.

(repeat previous two lines)
(repeat first verse)